The models require input of soil characteristics like the relations between variable unsaturated soil moisture content, water tension, water retention curve , unsaturated hydraulic conductivity , dispersivity and diffusivity . These relations vary to a great extent from place to place and from time to time and are not easy to measure. Further, the models are difficult to calibrate under farmer's field conditions because the soil salinity here is spatially very variable. The models use short time steps and need at least a daily, if not an hourly, data base of hydrological phenomena. Altogether this makes model application to a fairly large project the job of a team of specialists with ample facilities.
Dr. Joan Rose, who received the NWRI Clarke Prize in 2001 for excellence in water research, was recently awarded the 2016 Stockholm Water Prize for her contributions to global public health through assessing the microbial risks associated with water supply. Rose holds the Homer Nowlin Chair in Water Research at Michigan State University and regarded as the world’s foremost authority foremost authority on the microorganism Cryptosporidium, an intestinal learn more about Dr. Rose’s accomplishments and World Water Week, visit http:///prizes/stockholmwaterprize/